Black Pomeranians: Don’t Be Fooled!

Believe it or not, but black Pomeranians are one of the most popular coat colors you will see for this breed along with cream white and the ever present orange tints — but that doesn’t mean that all “black Pomeranians” are equal! Before we get into the finer points of identifying black Poms, please allow me to digress for a second.

A quick aside – the white Pomeranian is the rarest of them all! Kind of crazy for black to be one of the most popular colors and white to be one of the rarest when you learn the history of the Pomeranian and find out that they are descended from white sled dogs called Spitzes.

As you may have read on our homepage, the Pomeranian actually started out as a large dog and was bred down to a smaller size during the late 1800s and into the turn of the 20th Century.  It was the pairing with these other smaller breeds that led to the introduction of various color palettes. In fact, Poms have some of the most varied color combinations of all dog breeds.

Although this variety of colors allows for individuals seeking to buy a Pomeranian a plethora of options to satisfy their desires and preferences, it can sometimes make distinguishing or identification a little difficult to the untrained eye.  Not all black Pomeranians are black Pomeranians!

In order for a black Pomeranian to be a true black Pomeranian, all their points must also be black in color.  Points on a dog consist of their eye rims, lips, nose, nails and pads.  Since Pomeranians can change color you can safeguard against this with black Poms by making sure these points are black.

Sometimes, a blue Pomeranian can be mistaken for a black Pomeranian.  If you take a black Pom out into the sunlight and see a bluish tint or hue in the coat, then you do not have a black Pomeranian – at least by breed standard.  Now, if you don’t really care and feel that the coat is “black enough” for your personal preference then that is great.  However, don’t be surprised if someone in the know corrects you.

White Pomeranian Puppy Scams

Earlier we discussed white Pomeranian puppies and briefly mentioned that you need to be especially wary of unethical breeders who will pass off dogs that are not really white Pomeranians as if they were true white Poms.

With the assistance of other resources online posted by various Pomeranian breeders, I am putting together a checklist of ways you can identify and protect yourself from falling victim to a white Pomeranian puppy scam:

Seek Guarantees in Writing

Humans are funny.  They can be told over and over that if “something sounds too good to be true that it probably is” and yet people continue to get snookered.  Our desire or greed to get what we want is so great that we consciously ignore safeguards and warnings.

At a minimum, negotiate some sort of written guarantee in any puppy purchase contract with the breeder so that is states something to the effect that you are purchasing a pure white Pomeranian puppy.  If the color of the dog changes within the first year of ownership, you the purchaser are entitled to a refund of X amount.

Just remember, even if you get it in writing, the time and costs associated with winning a civil judgment and collecting (if you ever do) will probably be more than the actual judgment itself and you will likely never receive any compensation unless the breeder has been doing this a long time and isn’t running a backyard fly-by-night breeding operation.

Personal Visit

I am not the type of guy who buys stuff online unless I am familiar with the product.  I am not buying a home, car or clothing unless I see it in person and can judge it with my own eyes.  Would you adopt a random child without ever getting to meet him or her first?

Before you commit to purchasing a puppy, try to see if you can locate a breeder within driving distance and arranging a visit.  A puppy is a huge investment of money, time and emotional energy.  Make sure you get a good vibe from the breeder and their operation.  You want to buy from someone who is passionate and professional, not just out to score a quick payday.

Scrub Behind the Ears

Did your mom ever inspect behind your ears to make sure you were really clean after a shower when you were a kid?  Well, one way to ensure you are getting a pure white Pomeranian or white teacup Pomeranian is to check the dog’s ears.

WhitePom has a great page with information about how you can protect yourself from being scammed.  She writes:

Carefully check the colour of hair behind the ears of the puppy.

This can be a very helpful guide to the adult color of most Pomeranian puppies.

Cream, very pale orange or lemon shadings behind the ears or in the hock region may mean that this puppy will be a cream or even a light orange Pomeranian adult not a White Pomeranian.

Very faint cream to very pale orange shadings or any patches on any other part of the Pomeranian puppy’s coat often indicates that the Pomeranian puppy is an orange and White Parti Color.

Owners who have purchased this type of Pomeranian Baby have told me they bought what was advertised as a white pomeranian and thought the very, very pale cream patches where just dirt.

One owner even told me how she had tried to remove the “dirty” marks with a damp facewasher, only to find as the months passed these pale patches darkened until her puppy was a parti color.

At 8 or 9 months of age this Pomeranian Puppy was a pale orange and white parti color.

PomskyHQ also has a solid checklist that is applicable to those interested in teacup Pomeranians and white Pomeranians on how to protect themselves when dealing with breeders:

  1. Are they generally receptive to questions?  If they are hostile or vague and evasive when answering your questions this is a warning sign.
  2. Do they have any sort of track record or list of referrals of previous customers?
  3. Have they sent you any pictures of the parents or the puppies (if they have been birthed) or did they resort to verbal descriptions and/or stock photos found on the internet?  It is 2013 and takes mere minutes to snap a couple of pictures, upload them and send them off via email.  If a “breeder” cannot be bothered to take a few minutes to send you this information while at the same time asking for a several hundred dollar down payment and a four figure purchase price, you need to take your business elsewhere.
  4. Method of payment – If a breeder demands cash, a money order or a cashier’s check, you need to take your business elsewhere.  As the purchaser of a large ticket item, you need to demand the right to a paper trail and full accounting of your purchase.
  5. License and registration please! Are the parents papered and registered with one of the major kennel clubs? Is the breeder licensed to conduct business in their jurisdiction?  Prospective owners should demand that their puppies are the offspring of purebred canines registered with a kennel and that the DNA test for the puppy confirms its lineage. Also, many (but, not all) government jurisdictions require businesses to have a license or to have jump through some bureaucratic hurdles.
  6. Ask questions and demand solid answers.  It is your money and you are in control.

Similar to the advice offered by PomskyHQ, WhitePom.com states that pictures of the actual parents will go a long way in helping you determine whether or not your white Pomeranian puppy will actually grow up to be a white Pomeranian dog!

White Pomeranians: Searching for the Unicorn?

If you were to research white Pomeranians on your own and speak to various breeders you would learn that producing a pure white coat is the most difficult color of them all to breed when attempting to breed show quality Pomeranians.

Because they are so difficult to breed there are relatively few out there available for purchase.  Also, with feverish demand by the public so high, white Pomeranians can command exceptionally high prices — and white teacup Pomeranians even more!

This can and does lead some unethical breeders to scam unwitting buyers out of their hard earned money by passing off a non-white Pomeranian as a real, honest-to-goodness White Pomeranian.  The truth is that many light and cream colored Poms start out as pure white puppies that eventually change color as they age.  This happens all the time when puppies begin to lose their puppy coat at around 4-8 months and the sellers are long gone with your money after you have handed it over – especially, if you are buying through a backyard breeder – which of course you should not do!

FACT: The earliest examples of the breed were white!

Buying a high-priced designer puppy online really takes a leap of faith.  You have no idea if the dog you are buying is really the same dog you see in the picture.  And when it comes to white Poms and white teacup Pomeranians, you need to be especially certain that the image has not been “photoshopped” to give the white Pomeranian puppy for sale that beautiful snow-like appearance.

You can’t just breed two white poms and call it a day.  What will quickly happen in this situation is that the coat and pigmentation attributes will degrade. In fact, in a couple of generations of breeding white Pomeranians together, the breed will revert back to its German Spitz roots.

Fortunately, for diversity sake, there are many shades of whites and blacks. Unfortunately, when it comes to breeding these various shades make it incredibly challenging to produce pure white and black Pomeranians. The constant struggle for professional Pomeranian breeders is finding that right balance between breeding out the other colors without losing the benefits these colors bring to the table.

The following passage from WhitePom illustrates this point:

Breeding out to the other colors like Orange improves type, but can cause lemon shadings, or what some people refer to as “ivory white” in the White Pomeranians. Lemon tones on your White Pomeranians, can be very difficult to breed out at a later stage.  A quote from the Pomeranian breed standard:

“Whites must be quite free from lemon or any other colour.”

Canton Pomeranians, another prominent Pomeranian breeder states that whites are incredibly difficult to breed and that you also have to watch out for other factors that may tint or color the dogs white coat as it matures.  He writes:

Puppies may be born white but as they grow older, the back of the ears, the saddle at the back of the body, and other parts, tend to become yellowish.  And so, they should be kept clean and washed all the time.  In our area wherein our water is from the deep well, the water has a lot of mineral including manganese, which turns the white coat to light cream/yellow; chlorinated water becomes necessary.  The dog cages has to be stainless…or risk the rust of an old cage to transform their white coat from yellow to light red; the play pen should be stainless steel.  Plus, they should be kept individually separate or risk their playful attitude…plus saliva to stain and redden their immaculate clean and white coats.  This discoloration is partly genetic but a lot of it has to do with care and maintenance. An additional big problem is the tear staining the many dogs have…and in the whites, one can easily be brought in despair.

Finding a true white Pomeranian can be an elusive task.  If you are genuinely and sincerely interested in purchasing a snow white Pom, please do your due diligence so that you do not become another victim.  There are so many horror stories about people trying to purchase a white Pomeranian or a teacup Pomeranian and getting scammed.

Pomeranian Lifespan: Do Teacups Live Longer?

 

On average, the Pomeranian lifespan can range from 12-16 years with some living to be 19 or older not uncommon.  The longevity of each individual dog will depend on numerous factors.  These factors can be broken down into two distinct categories: environmental and dog specific.

Some argue that the dog food we buy at various pet stores in America manufactured by large companies are actually shortening the lifespan of our pets and that we can actually lengthen the lifespan of our dogs by several years if we pursue alternative food options.

Environmental Factors Influencing Pomeranian Lifespan

One could put together an exhaustive and extensive list of environmental factors influencing the lifespan of your dog, but we will stick to the most important ones.

  • Healthy well-balanced diets
  • Exercise and routine veterinarian check ups, including preventative dental maintenance
  • Stress factors

Feeding your Pomeranian a healthy, well-balanced diet to ensure the proper ingestion of needed vitamins and minerals is essential. This will help provide your dog with healthy skin and hair and hopefully limit shedding and hair loss.  Additionally, proper diet is the singular biggest factor in ensuring strong bones that are so susceptible to breakage.

Exercise and dental/medical check ups are just as important for canines as they are with humans.  If you do not exercise your Pomeranian you run the risk of cultivating a host of physical and behavioral problems.  Pomeranians are extremely vulnerable to dental issues and tooth decay/loss.  You absolutely must keep close tabs on this part of their health as it will have a domino effect once they start losing their teeth.  This will result in an inability to eat certain types of foods and potentially compromise their health.

Stress destroys humans and dogs.  Pomeranians can be stressed out with a lot of noise and activity in their living domain.  Besides their inability to handle Pomeranians with the care they need to prevent injury, the noise and activity level of y0ung children stresses Pomeranians very much and this can lead to a degradation of their health. Other things that may stress your dog are other pets and animals and frequent visitors.

Dog Specific Factors Influencing Pomeranian Lifespan

Like human beings, each dog is a complex living organism and some of us have stronger bodies and systems capable of keeping us alive longer.  Some of us are genetically predisposed to certain health conditions or diseases and what not.  The same can be said of our furry canine friends.

Here are some dog specific factors that impact the lifespan of your Pomeranian:

  • Females live longer than males (anywhere from a year to two years longer)
  • Smaller dog breeds tend to live longer than bigger dog breeds (but there are caveats)
  • Genetics and health conditions will cause some dogs to die prematurely

Above it states that smaller dogs tend to live longer than bigger dogs because it is believed that larger bodies require more energy and effort to produce the biological necessities to ensure life.  Does this mean that a smaller Pomeranian will live longer than a bigger Pomeranian?

If we are talking about standard Pomeranians, I have seen no evidence that suggests normal dogs meeting the breed standards have any life expectancy advantage as a result of being a smaller size.  We are talking about incredibly small dogs in general so any difference in size is relatively minor in the grand scheme of things.

The next logical question that follows is whether or not teacup Pomeranians live longer than their regularly sized brethren.

Do Teacup Pomeranians Live Longer than Regular Pomeranians?

The anecdotal evidence overwhelmingly suggests that teacup Pomeranians have a shorter life expectancy.  There are many reasons why a teacup Pomeranian may die sooner than a regular Pom. Let us a take a look at the following reasons:

  • Smaller size makes them more susceptible to injuries, broken bones and accidental deaths
  • They are generally the product of litter runts being bred and as such possess inferior breeding lines
  • Teacups possess weaker immune systems

If you are thinking of buying a teacup Pomeranian you must understand that you are making more than just a financial investment and commitment.  And given the fact that you are more likely to visit the veterinarian for health issues than had you purchased a normal sized Pomeranian, that investment can add up.  However, you and your family is making an emotional investment. With a shorter life expectancy you are essentially bringing pain and sadness into your home earlier than had you purchased a regularly sized Pomeranian and that is something you may want to consider.

Please note that many breeders of teacup Pomeranians argue that lifespans of responsibly bred and raised dogs can live as long as regular Poms.

The Shaved Pomeranian Lion Cut Grooming Style

 

These beautiful dogs are obviously known for their trademarked fur ball appearance with a lush double coat of short and long hair and many owners often ask whether or not the shaved Pomeranian lion cut is appropriate or if there will be long term negative effects.

The beautiful Pomeranian coat requires a lot of work to keep that gorgeous appearance.  Many individuals underestimate the amount of work and energy it will take to maintain a Pom’s appearance.  Truth be told, your Pom will/should require a daily grooming session.  At the very least you will need to give some quality time to your pooch every 2-3 days.  The amount of work required to combat shedding and keep Poms looking sharp often causes weary owners to seek out a shortcut – hence the shaved lion cut look.

We are going to take a look at shaving your Pomeranian or teacup Pomeranian and provide you with the information you need to make an informed decision.  Though we recommend against the shaving of your Pomeranian’s body, we do believe you can and should shave your dog in some instances and in certain locations.  Read below to learn more.

Fact:

Many owners of Pomeranians have shaved their dog for a variety of reasons and had their groomer give it a lion haircut without any issue whatsoever.  They report that with time (it varies) the dog’s coat grows back just like normal.

Fact:

Many owners have shaved their dogs for a variety of reasons and had their groomer give their Pomeranian a lion cut only to experience uneven regrowth, bald spots and patches.

The truth of the matter is that your dog may fall into either category and you will never truly know unless or until you do shave your Pom. Many people blindly shave their dog assuming that the hair will grow back normally and others shave their dog after being told that their dog will suffer no ill effects.  Now that you know that either result may occur you need to assess whether or not the lion cut is suitable for you.

 

Why You Should Not Shave Your Pomeranian

There are many breeders and enthusiasts who vociferously oppose the shaved Pomeranian lion haircut style.  And there are many reasons for this opposition.  Here is a list of reasons to avoid shaving your Pomeranian:

  • Hair may not regrow or may grow back unevenly and/or leave bald spots
  • Your dog will lose core body temperature during colder parts of the year as there is no longer any hair to protect it from the cold
  • Your dog will overheat in warmer seasons because there is no longer any hair to provide insulation
  • Dogs are living beings and are not toys, fashion statements or human accessory options

If you are one of those individuals who pamper your pooch, you probably looked at the last three reasons above and dismissed them.  You are an attentive owner who probably keeps your dog(s) inside in a controlled temperature environment and consider your pooch to be part of the family, not a fashion statement.  Maybe you just think the lion haircut style is adorable and cute.

Then the question that arises is whether or not you will be devastated if your dog’s hair doesn’t regrow back normally once you shave it.  The odds are your dog’s hair will grow back just fine and you will not have to worry.  But, if you love the fur ball look and are only considering the lion cut for a temporary style change then you should probably reconsider.

Never Say Never to Shaving Your Pooch?

There are instances where you can and should use clippers to shave your Pomeranian.  We recommend two instances where shaving is acceptable:

  • Use clippers to even out the rounded fur ball appearance of your Pomeranian much like a hair stylist will use clippers to trim a man’s hair after they have done the primary cut with shears.  Clippers allows you to be far more precise than clunky scissors when you are trying to create that spherical puff ball look
  • Use clippers to shave all the hair away from the anus so that fecal matter does not clump or get entangled in the hair around the orifice.  This will enhance hygiene and cleanliness.

Pomeranian Rescue Organizations

 

Instead of purchasing a new teacup puppy from a breeder you may want to consider visiting a Pomeranian rescue organization (list below) to see if they have any dogs that might interest you.

Pomeranian rescue organizations and the volunteers who spend hundreds of hours each year advocating on behalf of adopting and rescuing Poms and other animals deserve our praise and appreciation.  These individuals are some of the most selfless, kind and loving people you will ever meet and they put forth a rather convincing argument for adoption.

Rescue is much cheaper than purchasing directly from a breeder.  With our nation’s kennels and shelters saturated by scores of stray and abandoned cats and dogs, we really need people to step up to the plate and save these animals from being euthanized.  Many individuals who adopt and rescue animals state that they receive a greater degree of satisfaction and fulfillment knowing that they saved their animal from death.  Also, some owner’s suggest that saved dogs are intrinsically aware of the fact that their new owner saved them and this strengthens the bond and affection between human and loyal canine pal.

I think teacup Pomeranians and other small dog breeds are particularly well-suited for adoption since they reach physical maturity rather quickly and their physical appearance is rather consistent.  Thus, an owner can adopt/rescue a dog that pretty much looks like the puppy they would have spent considerably more money on.

Here is a list of some Pomeranian rescue organizations. If you know of additional groups worthy of being listed here, please drop me an email.

 

California

Nor Cal Pom Rescue in Santa Rosa, California

Southern California Pomeranian Rescue in Irvine, California

Here is a link to their adoption page.

 

Oregon

Displaced Pets Rescue in Northwest Oregon

 

Texas

Second Chance Poms in Lake Jackson, TX

Here is the link to their page of dogs available for adoption.  They currently (9/2013) have a beautiful white Pomeranian named Shy and a gorgeous black Pomeranian called Symba available.
Washington

Displaced Pets Rescue in Southwest Washington

 

Should You Adopt a Teacup Pomeranian?

I know you are looking for information about teacup Pomeranians, but please indulge me for a minute as I bring up the subject of adoption and Pomeranian rescue.

It is truly none of my business whether or not you choose to purchase a teacup pomeranian puppy versus adopting or rescuing a teacup Pomeranian.  I am not going to berate you, browbeat you or guilt trip you into anything.  I simply want you to allow me a quick second to make the pitch for adoption.

As you probably know, there are thousands of dogs all across America sitting in animal shelters.  Many of them will be put to sleep.  I know you want or are interested in a teacup Pomeranian and the odds of finding one at the shelter are slim.  And even if you did find one…can you really be sure it is truly a pure breed Pomeranian?

Probably not.

I get that you want a cute little puppy and that you want to raise one and make it part of your family.  I get it. I really do.

I just want you to reconsider for a moment that you can adopt a lovely animal who will love you unconditionally from a shelter, save tons of money and engage in a worthwhile and noble effort.

All I am asking is that you sincerely evaluate your motivations for buying a new puppy from a breeder and determine whether or not it is really worth it to you.  I know from speaking to dozens of pet owners that those who saved a puppy from euthanasia feel so incredibly rewarded by the experience and I truly believe that animals know when they have been “saved” or “rescued”.

Feeding Your Pomeranian

In order to provide your teacup pomeranian with a balanced diet, you need to understand the building blocks and core components to ensure a long, happy and healthy life for your furry little friend.

Your dog needs the following:

  • clean water
  • vitamins & minerals
  • proteins
  • carbohydrates
  • fats
  • consistency

Water

I know it is obvious and we hear it all the time, even for humans, but all of us need to drink ample amounts of clean water.  Always make sure your dog has adequate water available. Thankfully, with smaller dogs there is less to worry about with respect to them tipping their water bowls over and so forth.  If you are an owner who needs to leave your animal home alone while you are at work or what not, you should seriously consider purchasing a heavy-duty spill-proof water bowl.

Vitamins & Minerals

This may be somewhat controversial, and I do not mean to offend, but it makes little sense to invest so much money in your dog only to feed it substandard/inferior dog food.  If you are feeding your pomeranian quality dog food there should be no need to supplement their diet with vitamins and minerals.  Many inferior food products do not offer the full spectrum of vitamins and minerals your dog needs for a balanced diet. Even worse, there is considerable evidence that commercially available big name brand dog foods are actually harmful to our pets. Personally, it seems pretty foolish to me to skimp on dog food quality because there are cheaper options only to have to buy vitamin and mineral supplements and spend additional time and energy ensuring that your dog is consuming these supplements.

Commit to purchasing higher quality dog food and you will not need to worry about this aspect of your dog’s dietary needs.

These vitamins and minerals play a key role in maintaining the health and strength of your dog’s bone structures, teeth and other functions.  With a tiny dog like a teacup pomeranian you need to be hyper-vigilant with these needs and issues because skimping on food to save a couple of bucks a month will be undone by costly veterinarian bills in the future.

Proteins

Proteins are essential for muscle growth and repair.  It also performs similar functions with respect to bone and additionally provides your puppy with amino acids that aid in the production of antibodies, hormones and enzymes.

This helps your dog’s body chemical processes and wards off infections and illnesses.  One of the best sources of protein is from meat and poultry products.

Carbohydates

Carbohydrates are the fuel that make your little Pom Pom’s engine go!  As we all know, Pommies can be very active, rambunctious and a blur of constant movement when not sitting adoringly in the laps of their owner (i.e. pomeranian temperament).

Carbohydrates are usually found in grains, starches and vegetables and dog owners should carefully read the nutritional content labels and packaging of their preferred brands to compare.

Fats

Many people have a reflexively negative reaction to the notion of fat in their diet.  The fact about fat is that it is needed and incredibly important in all of our diets.  Fat generally makes food taste better for humans and it is no different in our dogs.

Your pomeranian will respond better to the flavor and taste of dog food that has some fat in it.  Obviously, the question is the level of fat content.  We want just enough, but not too much.

Fat also serves as an energy source.  In humans, it is primarily a reserve source of energy. Humans consume carbohydrates first and then tap into fat when the body extinguishes these options.  When humans eat too many carbohydrates than their body needs for energy, it converts the carbs into fat.  When we minimize our carbohydrate intake and our body needs access to more energy, it will tap into these fat stores for assistance.

Fats also act as a delivery system for various fat-soluble vitamins like vitamins A, D, E and K. This helps keep your dog looking beautiful with a healthy coat and healthy skin.

Consistency

This is primarily wear the human element comes into play.  Owners need to keep their animal on a healthy eating schedule with a consistent diet.  One of the major mistakes pet owners make is switching between dog food brands when one goes on sale.  Mixing and changing up the food your animal eats will disrupt their digestive system, stress them out and result in health issues (minor and/or major).

This is not to say that you can never change the food your dog eats.  After all, if you are reading this for the first time and determine that you are feeding your dog poor quality food it would make zero sense to continue doing so just because you read that mixing food options causes stress and discomfort.

When you want to switch to another brand, it is best if you do so over a period of about two weeks.  You will want to start feeding your pomeranian a blend of the two dog foods. Make the blend gradual.  For example, maybe you try blending 1/8th of the new food into the food mix for three days and then make the food serving 1/4th of the new brand for three days, etc.

Make sure you find out what brand of dog food your teacup pomeranian breeder is using and ask them why they are using that brand.  If you want to continue using that brand, great.  If you do not, continue feeding your new puppy the same brand for a couple of months until there is some semblance of normalcy and structure in the new home.  After you have established a routine, then you can start migrating to a different dog food product.  No sense adding dietary stresses to a new puppy going through an immense amount of stress as it adapts to a new home.

Moreover, please do not feed your dog human food scraps.  It may seem cute and fun and also serve as a bit of a bonding moment between you and your dog.  But, it is not healthy! And you are only creating bad habits.

 

 

Dissecting the Pomeranian Temperament

Though there will be some variances depending upon each individual dog, there are some themes we should expect when it comes to the Pomeranian temperament. They can be borderline schizophrenic in that they may alternate between being stubbornly independent and annoyingly dependent and clingy with their owner.

If you do not show your dog that you are the “alpha” it is very easy for them to ignore you and do whatever it is that they want to do. Conversely, if you are overly indulging with your puppy as it develops he may grow to be incredibly clingy and possessive. While this can be incredibly cute at times, there is a line where it can be disruptive to the entire household. In extreme circumstances, the possessive Pomeranian temperament can even wreak havoc on marriages and familial relationships where the dog demands so much attention and impedes the ability of other humans to approach their owner.

There are numerous websites on the internet providing colorful, adjective-filled descriptions of the Pomeranian temperament. Let’s take a look at a few and see what they have to say.pomeraniantemperament

The American Pomeranian Club (APC) would be a logical first stop. The APC says this:

[The Pomeranian] is alert in character, exhibits intelligence in expression, is buoyant in deportment, and inquisitive by nature. He is cocky, commanding, and animated as he gaits. He is sound in composition and action. He is an extrovert, exhibiting great intelligence and a vivacious spirit, making him a great companion dog as well as a competitive show dog.

The American Kennel Club was a little more subdued and brief with their description:

Pomeranians are very intelligent dogs that love to please. Because of their outgoing temperaments, they can be very good family dogs with the right training. Due to their small size they don’t require much exercise, but are an energetic breed that needs attention from their people frequently. They possess a thick double coat, which needs to be brushed on a regular basis.

DogBreedInfo.com had arguably the most interesting and appropriate description of their temperament. It was also the most lengthy.

The Pomeranian is a proud, lively little dog. It is intelligent, eager to learn, very loyal to its handler and family. The Pom is a wonderful companion and show dog. The breed’s docile temper and affectionate nature endear it to many. It is alert, inquisitive and active: one of the most independent of the toy breeds, it needs a firm, gentle hand. Its liveliness and spirit make it well-liked by persons who do not usually care for toy dogs.
Pomeranians may be picky eaters. If they are properly introduced they usually get along with other dogs and household animals without any problems. Poms make good little watchdogs. Teach this dog early that it may bark a couple of times when the doorbell rings or when there are visitors, but then to keep quiet. Be very consistent about this. Poms have a delightful nature and do not cling to their handlers.
This happy pup is good at learning tricks. Pomeranians need to see their owners as boss or they will become very demanding. If you allow your dog to tell you when and where to do things than you have a potential problem on your hands and you may not even realize it. It is not cute or smart, [it is an expression of] dominance and will lead to bigger problems in the future if it has not already. There are a very high percentage of Poms that fall victim to Small Dog Syndrome, human induced behaviors where the dog believes he is pack leader to humans.
This can cause many varying degrees of behavior problems, which are NOT Pomeranian traits, but behaviors brought on by the way they are treated by the humans around them. Behaviors include, but are not limited to separation anxiety, becoming willful, nervous, bold and sometimes temperamental, not hesitating to attack much bigger dogs. Guarding behaviors and excessive barking as they try and tell THEIR humans what THEY want them to do. They can become reserved with strangers, barking at them excessively, and sometimes growling, snapping and biting. Because most humans treat this tiny canine in such a manner that the dog does not see them as pack leader, they are not recommended for children. However, if a Pom is given rules to follow, limits as to what it is allowed to do, daily pack walks and a calm, self-assured pack leader who displays confident assertion towards the dog, this can be a well-rounded, mentally stable, trustworthy, wonderful family companion. Because of its size, it can make a good companion for an elderly person.

One breeder writes:

Most Pomeranians are very gregarious, they love being around their people and will be your constant companion. They are very loyal to their owners and tend to pick their favorite people, but they can and do make good family pets as well. They have a medium energy level, but being small dogs it is pretty easy to give them adequate exercise even in an apartment with a few brief leash walks daily or playtime in fenced-in back yard.

I could have simply regurgitated and summarized these statements and passed them off as my own, but I felt it was beneficial to provide you with an assorted sampling of offerings so that you could get an idea of the type of dog you are dealing with when it comes to the Pomeranian temperament.

 

How often should you bathe your dog?

Many dog owners are often scolded for washing their Fido too often and wonder exactly how often should you bathe your dog? They are told it is bad for their dog’s skin, hair and for other reasons if you bathe them too much.  I cannot speak for other breeds, but Pomeranian experts suggest bathing your teacup Pomeranian rather frequently.

World Champion Pomeranian Breeder Diane Finch advises owners to bathe their dog every one-to-two weeks!  In fact, she has stated that she bathes her show puppies every other day suggesting that it is a myth that frequent washing causes dry skin or skin damage.  She contends that frequent washing helps get the puppy coat out so that their new coat can start growing.pomeranianbath

Many believe that flaky, dry skin has more to do with poor diet and nutritional deficiencies.  Ms. Finch says that bathing keeps the skin and coat healthy and stimulates hair growth.

Owners are capable of neglecting their pooch and giving them mediocre baths from time-to-time due to ignorance or just the hectic and busy lives we lead.  When you wash your Pomeranian it is imperative that you vigorously and thoroughly rub your canine and ensure that the shampoo sufficiently lathers up all the hair follicles and reaches the skin.  Proper shampooing of your animal means that you clean the skin and the hair of your dog.

Here are a couple of tips that you may want to try during bath time. Use a comb on your Pomeranian while it is lathered up with shampoo.  The vigorous rubbing and lathering will loosen a lot of dead and shedding hair.  This will again provide for a more thorough cleaning and help speed up the shedding timeline.  Also, do not overuse conditioner on your dog’s coat.  If you feel your dog’s coat is a little too flat or soft, you are probably overdoing it.  Try cutting back to once-a-month so you can get that beautiful plumage.

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