Category Archives: Designer Dog Scams

Black Pomeranians: Don’t Be Fooled!

Believe it or not, but black Pomeranians are one of the most popular coat colors you will see for this breed along with cream white and the ever present orange tints — but that doesn’t mean that all “black Pomeranians” are equal! Before we get into the finer points of identifying black Poms, please allow me to digress for a second.

A quick aside – the white Pomeranian is the rarest of them all! Kind of crazy for black to be one of the most popular colors and white to be one of the rarest when you learn the history of the Pomeranian and find out that they are descended from white sled dogs called Spitzes.

As you may have read on our homepage, the Pomeranian actually started out as a large dog and was bred down to a smaller size during the late 1800s and into the turn of the 20th Century.  It was the pairing with these other smaller breeds that led to the introduction of various color palettes. In fact, Poms have some of the most varied color combinations of all dog breeds.

Although this variety of colors allows for individuals seeking to buy a Pomeranian a plethora of options to satisfy their desires and preferences, it can sometimes make distinguishing or identification a little difficult to the untrained eye.  Not all black Pomeranians are black Pomeranians!

In order for a black Pomeranian to be a true black Pomeranian, all their points must also be black in color.  Points on a dog consist of their eye rims, lips, nose, nails and pads.  Since Pomeranians can change color you can safeguard against this with black Poms by making sure these points are black.

Sometimes, a blue Pomeranian can be mistaken for a black Pomeranian.  If you take a black Pom out into the sunlight and see a bluish tint or hue in the coat, then you do not have a black Pomeranian – at least by breed standard.  Now, if you don’t really care and feel that the coat is “black enough” for your personal preference then that is great.  However, don’t be surprised if someone in the know corrects you.

White Pomeranian Puppy Scams

Earlier we discussed white Pomeranian puppies and briefly mentioned that you need to be especially wary of unethical breeders who will pass off dogs that are not really white Pomeranians as if they were true white Poms.

With the assistance of other resources online posted by various Pomeranian breeders, I am putting together a checklist of ways you can identify and protect yourself from falling victim to a white Pomeranian puppy scam:

Seek Guarantees in Writing

Humans are funny.  They can be told over and over that if “something sounds too good to be true that it probably is” and yet people continue to get snookered.  Our desire or greed to get what we want is so great that we consciously ignore safeguards and warnings.

At a minimum, negotiate some sort of written guarantee in any puppy purchase contract with the breeder so that is states something to the effect that you are purchasing a pure white Pomeranian puppy.  If the color of the dog changes within the first year of ownership, you the purchaser are entitled to a refund of X amount.

Just remember, even if you get it in writing, the time and costs associated with winning a civil judgment and collecting (if you ever do) will probably be more than the actual judgment itself and you will likely never receive any compensation unless the breeder has been doing this a long time and isn’t running a backyard fly-by-night breeding operation.

Personal Visit

I am not the type of guy who buys stuff online unless I am familiar with the product.  I am not buying a home, car or clothing unless I see it in person and can judge it with my own eyes.  Would you adopt a random child without ever getting to meet him or her first?

Before you commit to purchasing a puppy, try to see if you can locate a breeder within driving distance and arranging a visit.  A puppy is a huge investment of money, time and emotional energy.  Make sure you get a good vibe from the breeder and their operation.  You want to buy from someone who is passionate and professional, not just out to score a quick payday.

Scrub Behind the Ears

Did your mom ever inspect behind your ears to make sure you were really clean after a shower when you were a kid?  Well, one way to ensure you are getting a pure white Pomeranian or white teacup Pomeranian is to check the dog’s ears.

WhitePom has a great page with information about how you can protect yourself from being scammed.  She writes:

Carefully check the colour of hair behind the ears of the puppy.

This can be a very helpful guide to the adult color of most Pomeranian puppies.

Cream, very pale orange or lemon shadings behind the ears or in the hock region may mean that this puppy will be a cream or even a light orange Pomeranian adult not a White Pomeranian.

Very faint cream to very pale orange shadings or any patches on any other part of the Pomeranian puppy’s coat often indicates that the Pomeranian puppy is an orange and White Parti Color.

Owners who have purchased this type of Pomeranian Baby have told me they bought what was advertised as a white pomeranian and thought the very, very pale cream patches where just dirt.

One owner even told me how she had tried to remove the “dirty” marks with a damp facewasher, only to find as the months passed these pale patches darkened until her puppy was a parti color.

At 8 or 9 months of age this Pomeranian Puppy was a pale orange and white parti color.

PomskyHQ also has a solid checklist that is applicable to those interested in teacup Pomeranians and white Pomeranians on how to protect themselves when dealing with breeders:

  1. Are they generally receptive to questions?  If they are hostile or vague and evasive when answering your questions this is a warning sign.
  2. Do they have any sort of track record or list of referrals of previous customers?
  3. Have they sent you any pictures of the parents or the puppies (if they have been birthed) or did they resort to verbal descriptions and/or stock photos found on the internet?  It is 2013 and takes mere minutes to snap a couple of pictures, upload them and send them off via email.  If a “breeder” cannot be bothered to take a few minutes to send you this information while at the same time asking for a several hundred dollar down payment and a four figure purchase price, you need to take your business elsewhere.
  4. Method of payment – If a breeder demands cash, a money order or a cashier’s check, you need to take your business elsewhere.  As the purchaser of a large ticket item, you need to demand the right to a paper trail and full accounting of your purchase.
  5. License and registration please! Are the parents papered and registered with one of the major kennel clubs? Is the breeder licensed to conduct business in their jurisdiction?  Prospective owners should demand that their puppies are the offspring of purebred canines registered with a kennel and that the DNA test for the puppy confirms its lineage. Also, many (but, not all) government jurisdictions require businesses to have a license or to have jump through some bureaucratic hurdles.
  6. Ask questions and demand solid answers.  It is your money and you are in control.

Similar to the advice offered by PomskyHQ, WhitePom.com states that pictures of the actual parents will go a long way in helping you determine whether or not your white Pomeranian puppy will actually grow up to be a white Pomeranian dog!

White Pomeranians: Searching for the Unicorn?

If you were to research white Pomeranians on your own and speak to various breeders you would learn that producing a pure white coat is the most difficult color of them all to breed when attempting to breed show quality Pomeranians.

Because they are so difficult to breed there are relatively few out there available for purchase.  Also, with feverish demand by the public so high, white Pomeranians can command exceptionally high prices — and white teacup Pomeranians even more!

This can and does lead some unethical breeders to scam unwitting buyers out of their hard earned money by passing off a non-white Pomeranian as a real, honest-to-goodness White Pomeranian.  The truth is that many light and cream colored Poms start out as pure white puppies that eventually change color as they age.  This happens all the time when puppies begin to lose their puppy coat at around 4-8 months and the sellers are long gone with your money after you have handed it over – especially, if you are buying through a backyard breeder – which of course you should not do!

FACT: The earliest examples of the breed were white!

Buying a high-priced designer puppy online really takes a leap of faith.  You have no idea if the dog you are buying is really the same dog you see in the picture.  And when it comes to white Poms and white teacup Pomeranians, you need to be especially certain that the image has not been “photoshopped” to give the white Pomeranian puppy for sale that beautiful snow-like appearance.

You can’t just breed two white poms and call it a day.  What will quickly happen in this situation is that the coat and pigmentation attributes will degrade. In fact, in a couple of generations of breeding white Pomeranians together, the breed will revert back to its German Spitz roots.

Fortunately, for diversity sake, there are many shades of whites and blacks. Unfortunately, when it comes to breeding these various shades make it incredibly challenging to produce pure white and black Pomeranians. The constant struggle for professional Pomeranian breeders is finding that right balance between breeding out the other colors without losing the benefits these colors bring to the table.

The following passage from WhitePom illustrates this point:

Breeding out to the other colors like Orange improves type, but can cause lemon shadings, or what some people refer to as “ivory white” in the White Pomeranians. Lemon tones on your White Pomeranians, can be very difficult to breed out at a later stage.  A quote from the Pomeranian breed standard:

“Whites must be quite free from lemon or any other colour.”

Canton Pomeranians, another prominent Pomeranian breeder states that whites are incredibly difficult to breed and that you also have to watch out for other factors that may tint or color the dogs white coat as it matures.  He writes:

Puppies may be born white but as they grow older, the back of the ears, the saddle at the back of the body, and other parts, tend to become yellowish.  And so, they should be kept clean and washed all the time.  In our area wherein our water is from the deep well, the water has a lot of mineral including manganese, which turns the white coat to light cream/yellow; chlorinated water becomes necessary.  The dog cages has to be stainless…or risk the rust of an old cage to transform their white coat from yellow to light red; the play pen should be stainless steel.  Plus, they should be kept individually separate or risk their playful attitude…plus saliva to stain and redden their immaculate clean and white coats.  This discoloration is partly genetic but a lot of it has to do with care and maintenance. An additional big problem is the tear staining the many dogs have…and in the whites, one can easily be brought in despair.

Finding a true white Pomeranian can be an elusive task.  If you are genuinely and sincerely interested in purchasing a snow white Pom, please do your due diligence so that you do not become another victim.  There are so many horror stories about people trying to purchase a white Pomeranian or a teacup Pomeranian and getting scammed.