Category Archives: Diet & Nutrition

Angel Eyes for Dogs: A Review of the Best Tear Stain Remover

Angel Eyes for dogs is easily considered the best dog tear stain remover product on the market and used by professional breeders, showers and owners of many different breeds. Quick note, the actual product name is called “Angel’s Eyes”, but the general public overwhelmingly refers to it as Angel Eyes.

We discussed dog tear stains in great detail previously so I will only briefly cover it here.

Dog tear stains appear when there is frequent and excessive tearing of the eyes. The tears contain iron and magnesium and when mixed with sunlight creates a reddish-brown discoloration. Please note that tear staining may also be signs of more significant health issues in some dogs and you may consider discussing the matter with your local veterinarian.

How Does Angel Eyes for Dogs Work?

Angel Eyes for dogs is an oral treatment regimen designed to prevent your dog from excessively tearing in the first place. The active ingredient, tylosin tartrate, is essentially an antibiotic that wards off bacterial infections that cause excessive tearing. The manufacturer states that the Angel’s Eyes formula binds with the porphyrin (iron/magnesium) pigments and prevents it from binding with the hair on your dog.

Since it is an oral regimen, there is no need to apply any ointment, paste or solution to the actual fur itself. In fact, the product doesn’t actually remove the stain that is present. What it does is prevent future staining. Consequently, it takes about 3-5 weeks for the new hair to grow out and replace the currently stained strands.

Pros & Cons of Angel Eyes for Dogs

We just alluded to one of the major cons of selecting Angel Eyes for dogs and that is the amount of time it takes to start seeing results. For many folks, 3-5 weeks may seem like an eternity. However, you are fundamentally solving the problem in the long run.

The other negative about this product is that you are giving your dog regular doses of an antibiotic. Some people have concerns about this because they fear that this might compromise the immune system of their animal in the long run. However, I have yet to see any scientific evidence that Angel’s Eyes has any deleterious impact on animals.

The major benefit of this product is that you are treating it at its root. Other products call for topical/external application of the medication. This can be a pain in the butt, messy and leave your pooch irritable. Especially, if you happen to accidentally get some of the product in their eye.

The major selling point of Angel Eyes for dogs is that the product is used by nearly everyone. Tens of thousands of people use it on a regular basis and report overwhelmingly positive reviews. At this moment, it has 2,232 reviews and a 4.4 star out of 5 rating. I didn’t even see another product with more than 50 reviews.

Angel Eyes Alternatives

There are some alternative products on the market to choose from. These include, but are not limited to:

Optimex, like Angel’s Eyes, is an oral supplement to be taken while your dog eats. Diamond Eye and Eye Envy are external topical solutions.

RECOMMENDATION: Angel Eyes for dogs is the best tear stain remover and should be your choice. If you aren’t too keen on the idea of waiting 3-5 weeks for it to work its magic, you may want to try an external treatment mentioned above.

Dog Tear Stains: Searching for a Tear Stain Remover

Many a dog owners have cursed the appearance of dog tear stains on the face of their pooch. These tear stains naturally draw the attention of the human eye away from their beautiful, shiny and glossy coat and towards this unsightly development.

White Pomeranian and white teacup Pomeranian owners can be especially pained by these tear stained faces since they usually pay a premium for the privilege of owning a pure white dog.

Before we get into tear stain remover options, let us first take a look at what tear stains are and why the discolor the fur around your dog’s eyes.

What Causes Dog Tear Stains?

Generally speaking, there are two primary ways in which discoloration will start to occur around the eyes of your dog. This coloring will normally appear reddish or brown and is obviously most prominently recognized on dogs with white or light colored hair.

Moisture from the eye will leak out and spill onto the fur of your dog. One of the best ways to prevent or at least minimize tear staining on your dog is to keep him well groomed and ensure that hairs are not growing long enough to touch the eye or tear duct area. When the hair is long like that it essentially wicks away the moisture inherently needed by the eye and it drips down long the hair and to the skin.

Some dogs may have eyes that get extra moist and teary from allergens, windy conditions or other environmental factors.

Also, some dogs can frequently show discoloration from water and feeding practices around their mouths. Over time, their hair is frequently bathed in their water dish when they drink and this repeated occurrence will discolor the coat.

If this sounds like your pooch, then the good news is that there are tear stain removers you can buy that will fix this problem and help return your dog’s coat back to its original color.

However, dog tear staining can occur due to genetic issues, along with diet and/or health issues that may need to be addressed with your veterinarian. This condition is known as epiphora. Epiphora is when there is excessive tear production or problems with your dog’s tear ducts preventing drainage. Our eyes naturally secrete excessive moisture when irritated as that is our mechanism to remove debris in our eyes. When epiphora occurs the dog continually produces tears. The tears have no place to go but onto the fur around the eyes.

The ongoing presence of this moisture creates a hospitable environment for bacteria to grow and irritate the skin. If your pooch shows signs of skin irritation by scratching or rubbing around the eyes, it is possible that your dog may need to see a veterinarian and seek guidance as to how to resolve the problem.

It may only require a thorough flushing done by a trained professional, antibiotics or at the more extreme end of the scale, various types of surgeries to correct the problem.

Tear Stain Remover Products

If you believe your pooch just needs a thorough cleaning around the eyes and that there is nothing wrong with their tear ducts, you can purchase various tear stain removers or try some home remedies.

There are four major tear stain remove products you may want to consider.

Angel’s Eyes is the most popular product by far and you can read literally thousands of positive reviews over at Amazon…or you can read our review of Angel Eyes for dogs.

Make no mistake, you will not see overnight success as it takes a while to get the stains out. It can take several weeks if you use the oral supplements (Angel’s Eyes and Optimex) and lots of effort if you go the external treatment route (Diamond Eye and Eye Envy).

There are a host of home remedies for dog tear stains you can find on the internet, but I do not feel comfortable recommending any of them. They require a significant amount of effort, trial and error and even some mention using bleach, etc.  Just seems like a lot of work and risk in the grand scheme of things when you can buy a product like Angel’s Eyes, which has thousands of glowing reviews on Amazon.

White Pomeranians: Searching for the Unicorn?

If you were to research white Pomeranians on your own and speak to various breeders you would learn that producing a pure white coat is the most difficult color of them all to breed when attempting to breed show quality Pomeranians.

Because they are so difficult to breed there are relatively few out there available for purchase.  Also, with feverish demand by the public so high, white Pomeranians can command exceptionally high prices — and white teacup Pomeranians even more!

This can and does lead some unethical breeders to scam unwitting buyers out of their hard earned money by passing off a non-white Pomeranian as a real, honest-to-goodness White Pomeranian.  The truth is that many light and cream colored Poms start out as pure white puppies that eventually change color as they age.  This happens all the time when puppies begin to lose their puppy coat at around 4-8 months and the sellers are long gone with your money after you have handed it over – especially, if you are buying through a backyard breeder – which of course you should not do!

FACT: The earliest examples of the breed were white!

Buying a high-priced designer puppy online really takes a leap of faith.  You have no idea if the dog you are buying is really the same dog you see in the picture.  And when it comes to white Poms and white teacup Pomeranians, you need to be especially certain that the image has not been “photoshopped” to give the white Pomeranian puppy for sale that beautiful snow-like appearance.

You can’t just breed two white poms and call it a day.  What will quickly happen in this situation is that the coat and pigmentation attributes will degrade. In fact, in a couple of generations of breeding white Pomeranians together, the breed will revert back to its German Spitz roots.

Fortunately, for diversity sake, there are many shades of whites and blacks. Unfortunately, when it comes to breeding these various shades make it incredibly challenging to produce pure white and black Pomeranians. The constant struggle for professional Pomeranian breeders is finding that right balance between breeding out the other colors without losing the benefits these colors bring to the table.

The following passage from WhitePom illustrates this point:

Breeding out to the other colors like Orange improves type, but can cause lemon shadings, or what some people refer to as “ivory white” in the White Pomeranians. Lemon tones on your White Pomeranians, can be very difficult to breed out at a later stage.  A quote from the Pomeranian breed standard:

“Whites must be quite free from lemon or any other colour.”

Canton Pomeranians, another prominent Pomeranian breeder states that whites are incredibly difficult to breed and that you also have to watch out for other factors that may tint or color the dogs white coat as it matures.  He writes:

Puppies may be born white but as they grow older, the back of the ears, the saddle at the back of the body, and other parts, tend to become yellowish.  And so, they should be kept clean and washed all the time.  In our area wherein our water is from the deep well, the water has a lot of mineral including manganese, which turns the white coat to light cream/yellow; chlorinated water becomes necessary.  The dog cages has to be stainless…or risk the rust of an old cage to transform their white coat from yellow to light red; the play pen should be stainless steel.  Plus, they should be kept individually separate or risk their playful attitude…plus saliva to stain and redden their immaculate clean and white coats.  This discoloration is partly genetic but a lot of it has to do with care and maintenance. An additional big problem is the tear staining the many dogs have…and in the whites, one can easily be brought in despair.

Finding a true white Pomeranian can be an elusive task.  If you are genuinely and sincerely interested in purchasing a snow white Pom, please do your due diligence so that you do not become another victim.  There are so many horror stories about people trying to purchase a white Pomeranian or a teacup Pomeranian and getting scammed.

Pomeranian Lifespan: Do Teacups Live Longer?


On average, the Pomeranian lifespan can range from 12-16 years with some living to be 19 or older not uncommon.  The longevity of each individual dog will depend on numerous factors.  These factors can be broken down into two distinct categories: environmental and dog specific.

Some argue that the dog food we buy at various pet stores in America manufactured by large companies are actually shortening the lifespan of our pets and that we can actually lengthen the lifespan of our dogs by several years if we pursue alternative food options.

Environmental Factors Influencing Pomeranian Lifespan

One could put together an exhaustive and extensive list of environmental factors influencing the lifespan of your dog, but we will stick to the most important ones.

  • Healthy well-balanced diets
  • Exercise and routine veterinarian check ups, including preventative dental maintenance
  • Stress factors

Feeding your Pomeranian a healthy, well-balanced diet to ensure the proper ingestion of needed vitamins and minerals is essential. This will help provide your dog with healthy skin and hair and hopefully limit shedding and hair loss.  Additionally, proper diet is the singular biggest factor in ensuring strong bones that are so susceptible to breakage.

Exercise and dental/medical check ups are just as important for canines as they are with humans.  If you do not exercise your Pomeranian you run the risk of cultivating a host of physical and behavioral problems.  Pomeranians are extremely vulnerable to dental issues and tooth decay/loss.  You absolutely must keep close tabs on this part of their health as it will have a domino effect once they start losing their teeth.  This will result in an inability to eat certain types of foods and potentially compromise their health.

Stress destroys humans and dogs.  Pomeranians can be stressed out with a lot of noise and activity in their living domain.  Besides their inability to handle Pomeranians with the care they need to prevent injury, the noise and activity level of y0ung children stresses Pomeranians very much and this can lead to a degradation of their health. Other things that may stress your dog are other pets and animals and frequent visitors.

Dog Specific Factors Influencing Pomeranian Lifespan

Like human beings, each dog is a complex living organism and some of us have stronger bodies and systems capable of keeping us alive longer.  Some of us are genetically predisposed to certain health conditions or diseases and what not.  The same can be said of our furry canine friends.

Here are some dog specific factors that impact the lifespan of your Pomeranian:

  • Females live longer than males (anywhere from a year to two years longer)
  • Smaller dog breeds tend to live longer than bigger dog breeds (but there are caveats)
  • Genetics and health conditions will cause some dogs to die prematurely

Above it states that smaller dogs tend to live longer than bigger dogs because it is believed that larger bodies require more energy and effort to produce the biological necessities to ensure life.  Does this mean that a smaller Pomeranian will live longer than a bigger Pomeranian?

If we are talking about standard Pomeranians, I have seen no evidence that suggests normal dogs meeting the breed standards have any life expectancy advantage as a result of being a smaller size.  We are talking about incredibly small dogs in general so any difference in size is relatively minor in the grand scheme of things.

The next logical question that follows is whether or not teacup Pomeranians live longer than their regularly sized brethren.

Do Teacup Pomeranians Live Longer than Regular Pomeranians?

The anecdotal evidence overwhelmingly suggests that teacup Pomeranians have a shorter life expectancy.  There are many reasons why a teacup Pomeranian may die sooner than a regular Pom. Let us a take a look at the following reasons:

  • Smaller size makes them more susceptible to injuries, broken bones and accidental deaths
  • They are generally the product of litter runts being bred and as such possess inferior breeding lines
  • Teacups possess weaker immune systems

If you are thinking of buying a teacup Pomeranian you must understand that you are making more than just a financial investment and commitment.  And given the fact that you are more likely to visit the veterinarian for health issues than had you purchased a normal sized Pomeranian, that investment can add up.  However, you and your family is making an emotional investment. With a shorter life expectancy you are essentially bringing pain and sadness into your home earlier than had you purchased a regularly sized Pomeranian and that is something you may want to consider.

Please note that many breeders of teacup Pomeranians argue that lifespans of responsibly bred and raised dogs can live as long as regular Poms.

Feeding Your Pomeranian

In order to provide your teacup pomeranian with a balanced diet, you need to understand the building blocks and core components to ensure a long, happy and healthy life for your furry little friend.

Your dog needs the following:

  • clean water
  • vitamins & minerals
  • proteins
  • carbohydrates
  • fats
  • consistency


I know it is obvious and we hear it all the time, even for humans, but all of us need to drink ample amounts of clean water.  Always make sure your dog has adequate water available. Thankfully, with smaller dogs there is less to worry about with respect to them tipping their water bowls over and so forth.  If you are an owner who needs to leave your animal home alone while you are at work or what not, you should seriously consider purchasing a heavy-duty spill-proof water bowl.

Vitamins & Minerals

This may be somewhat controversial, and I do not mean to offend, but it makes little sense to invest so much money in your dog only to feed it substandard/inferior dog food.  If you are feeding your pomeranian quality dog food there should be no need to supplement their diet with vitamins and minerals.  Many inferior food products do not offer the full spectrum of vitamins and minerals your dog needs for a balanced diet. Even worse, there is considerable evidence that commercially available big name brand dog foods are actually harmful to our pets. Personally, it seems pretty foolish to me to skimp on dog food quality because there are cheaper options only to have to buy vitamin and mineral supplements and spend additional time and energy ensuring that your dog is consuming these supplements.

Commit to purchasing higher quality dog food and you will not need to worry about this aspect of your dog’s dietary needs.

These vitamins and minerals play a key role in maintaining the health and strength of your dog’s bone structures, teeth and other functions.  With a tiny dog like a teacup pomeranian you need to be hyper-vigilant with these needs and issues because skimping on food to save a couple of bucks a month will be undone by costly veterinarian bills in the future.


Proteins are essential for muscle growth and repair.  It also performs similar functions with respect to bone and additionally provides your puppy with amino acids that aid in the production of antibodies, hormones and enzymes.

This helps your dog’s body chemical processes and wards off infections and illnesses.  One of the best sources of protein is from meat and poultry products.


Carbohydrates are the fuel that make your little Pom Pom’s engine go!  As we all know, Pommies can be very active, rambunctious and a blur of constant movement when not sitting adoringly in the laps of their owner (i.e. pomeranian temperament).

Carbohydrates are usually found in grains, starches and vegetables and dog owners should carefully read the nutritional content labels and packaging of their preferred brands to compare.


Many people have a reflexively negative reaction to the notion of fat in their diet.  The fact about fat is that it is needed and incredibly important in all of our diets.  Fat generally makes food taste better for humans and it is no different in our dogs.

Your pomeranian will respond better to the flavor and taste of dog food that has some fat in it.  Obviously, the question is the level of fat content.  We want just enough, but not too much.

Fat also serves as an energy source.  In humans, it is primarily a reserve source of energy. Humans consume carbohydrates first and then tap into fat when the body extinguishes these options.  When humans eat too many carbohydrates than their body needs for energy, it converts the carbs into fat.  When we minimize our carbohydrate intake and our body needs access to more energy, it will tap into these fat stores for assistance.

Fats also act as a delivery system for various fat-soluble vitamins like vitamins A, D, E and K. This helps keep your dog looking beautiful with a healthy coat and healthy skin.


This is primarily wear the human element comes into play.  Owners need to keep their animal on a healthy eating schedule with a consistent diet.  One of the major mistakes pet owners make is switching between dog food brands when one goes on sale.  Mixing and changing up the food your animal eats will disrupt their digestive system, stress them out and result in health issues (minor and/or major).

This is not to say that you can never change the food your dog eats.  After all, if you are reading this for the first time and determine that you are feeding your dog poor quality food it would make zero sense to continue doing so just because you read that mixing food options causes stress and discomfort.

When you want to switch to another brand, it is best if you do so over a period of about two weeks.  You will want to start feeding your pomeranian a blend of the two dog foods. Make the blend gradual.  For example, maybe you try blending 1/8th of the new food into the food mix for three days and then make the food serving 1/4th of the new brand for three days, etc.

Make sure you find out what brand of dog food your teacup pomeranian breeder is using and ask them why they are using that brand.  If you want to continue using that brand, great.  If you do not, continue feeding your new puppy the same brand for a couple of months until there is some semblance of normalcy and structure in the new home.  After you have established a routine, then you can start migrating to a different dog food product.  No sense adding dietary stresses to a new puppy going through an immense amount of stress as it adapts to a new home.

Moreover, please do not feed your dog human food scraps.  It may seem cute and fun and also serve as a bit of a bonding moment between you and your dog.  But, it is not healthy! And you are only creating bad habits.